On 30 November, Cop28, the 28th UN Conference of the Parties on Climate Change, started in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. COPs are annual meetings that bring together the countries that signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, a document also known as the “Rio Accord”.
Cop28 will end on 12 December. Delegations and politicians from all countries, scientists and representatives of non-governmental organisations will participate in the conference. This year, participants will assess the state of climate, also considering the fact that 2023, which is about to end, will be remembered as the hottest year in history, with average temperatures on the planet dangerously close to the 1.5 °C increase that was set as the climate safety threshold in 2015 in Paris (during the Cop21). The other topics that will be addressed are the acceleration of the energy transition from fossil to renewable sources and the definition of climate-friendly economic investments.